Bengal takes the lead in employment generation

Over the last few years, Bangla has witnessed phenomenal growth under the leadership of Mamata Banerjee.

Here are the areas where Bangla has achieved immense success in terms of employment generation

1. Unemployment has reduced by 40%

2. Bengal ranks first in 100 Days’ Work with respect to man-day generation, where over 191 crore man-days have been generated

3. Significant increase in employment opportunities in all sectors where almost 1 crore people have become employed in 7.5 years

4. Under Utkarsha Bangla Scheme, almost 6 lakh youths receive skill training every year. The majority have also secured a job in their own profession

5. Yuvashree Scheme: Almost 1.70 lakh youths have received assistance under the Yuvashree Scheme
Under the Yuvashree 2 Arpan Scheme, 50,000 youths will be given financial assistance of Rs 1 lakh every year to start their own businesses

6. 528 Karmatirthas set up to create more employment opportunities

File Image


IT infrastructure in Bangla growing at rapid pace

From May 2011, an amount of more than Rs 600 crore has been invested by the Trinamool Congress Government in the creation of physical infrastructure in the IT and electronics sector. This includes creation of IT parks and hardware parks, facilities for equipment manufacturing clusters (EMC), etc. The Information Technology & Electronics (IT&E) Department is overseeing all of these.

Hardware park and EMCs: Two electronics manufacturing clusters are coming up in Naihati and Falta. Construction is on in full swing. A hardware park in Sonarpur is complete. An IT park in Kalyani has been planned.

Start-up Warehouse: The State Government established a Start-up Warehouse in 2015 in collaboration with NASSCOM for the benefit of new ventures and start-ups in the IT/ITeS sector. Fifty-one companies have been promoted from the centre so far. Nineteen companies have received funding from private investors and nine companies have received their second round of funding.

Capacity building and self-employment: The IT&E Department, through the training wing of Webel, is imparting IT training in the districts and in tier-II/III-level towns in an organised way. Almost 1.5 lakh students were trained and 30,000 students got employment or achieved self-employment from 2011 to 17, compared to about 74,000 students trained and 11,000 students employed/self-employed during the period of 2004-11.

Cyber Security Centre of Excellence: The Cyber Security Centre of Excellence has been inaugurated by the department and is operational from November 2017. The portal for the same was launched in March 2018. The centre is working on five verticals: capacity building and awareness generation, cyber security assurance, Security Operation Centre, cyber forensics and investigation, and research and development (R&D) and Advisory.

Promotion of emerging technologies: The IT&E Department has been holistically promoting the emerging technologies – the technologies that are going to have a significant impact in the near future. The department has already started working on cyber security, blockchain, artificial intelligence, machine learning, animation, IoT (internt of things), Industry 4.0 (a standard), analytics, animation and e-sports. Summits are being held every month on different emerging technologies. Already summits on cyber security, blockchain and artificial intelligence have taken place.

Silicon Valley Asia: The Government is setting up a cutting-edge IT and hardware technology research and manufacturing hub at New Town called Silicon Valley Asia, on the lines of Silicon Valley in California, USA.

Capacity expansion by private companies: Several of the top IT companies in India have opened new campuses and expanded existing ones, or are in the process of doing those. More and more IT companies are showing interest in opening offices and campuses in Bengal.

Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Kalyani: The fi­rst IIIT of Bengal was started in 2014. The first batch of BTech came out in 2018.

Reaching destinations beyond Kolkata and Salt Lake: Twenty-five IT parks in tier-II and tier-III cities in different districts are either operational or at different stages of completion – 12 are fully operational, four are almost completed and nine have received sanction for construction.

Thus we see that the State Government is continuously developing infrastructure for different aspects of the information technology industry. The Government has big plans for making Bengal an IT powerhouse.

IT sector growing rapidly in Bangla

The information technology (IT) sector in Bangla is growing at a fast pace. Under the leadership of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, there has been a lot of growth in the sector, and the Information Technology & Electronics Department is the department driving this growth.

Almost 80% overall growth in IT business: The State now has a presence of about 894 IT companies, up from nearly 500 in 2010-11, showing a rise of almost 80 per cent in the IT business.

Many of the leading IT software companies are operating and expanding their facilities in the State at the moment.

The vision: The vision of the State Government, as described in its ICT Policy 2012, is to become one of the leading States in India in the IT and ITeS, and ESDM sectors and to enable Bangla to transform into a knowledge-driven welfare society.

67 per cent growth in employment: From the financial year (FY) 2010-11 figure of 90,000, the IT sector today employs more than 1,50,000 IT professionals – a growth of about 67 per cent. The projected figure for employment for FY 2018-19 is at least 1.8 lakh, of which almost 50,000 will be covered through the IT parks developed by the State Government.

Almost 150 per cent growth in export: The total export by the IT industry of the State was Rs 21,000 crore during FY 2017-18, compared to Rs 8,500 crore during 2010-11, showing a growth of about 150 per cent in seven years.

IT sector in Bangla: Improving in leaps and bounds

The information technology sector in Bangla has progressed in leaps and bounds under the leadership of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee. The Trinamool Congress Government has created a favourable environment for the growth of the sector and its related industries in Bangla.

This is evident from a comparison of the achievements of the Information Technology & Electronics Department in 2010-11, which was the last year of the Left Front rule, and 2017-18:

· Plan Budget of the department: More than doubled, from Rs 93.7 crore to Rs 201.53 crore, signifying an increased focus on the information technology and electronics sector;
· Software export turnover: Grew by almost 2.5 times, from Rs 8,500 crore to Rs 21,000 crore. Bangla is thus gradually turning into a hotbed of cutting-edge technology;
· Employment in IT sector: Significant rise from 90,000 to 1.5 lakh, ushering in a tech-savvy generation
· Investment for creation of IT hardware clusters: Nil earlier to Rs 14.86 crore; thus, the State Government, for the first time, under the direction of Trinamool Congress, is focussing on the creation of hardware clusters
· Investment for creation of IT parks: Grew by more than 16 times, from Rs 37.18 crore to Rs 612.11 crore, thus bringing about an unprecedented focus on infrastructure creation – 15 IT parks have been completed and 10 more are under construction.

Under the direction of Mamata Banerjee, the department is bringing about an all-round development, opening numerous employment opportunities, both in software and hardware.

Bangla Govt announces funding for Light Hub in Chandannagar

The Bengal Government has announced funding to the tune of Rs 11.5 crore for the proposed Light Hub in Chandannagar in Hooghly district. The hub is a brainchild of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, who had announced its creation last year during an administrative review meeting in Tarakeswar.

Chandannagar is famous for its lighting displays. During Jagaddhatri Puja in Chandannagar and during Durga Puja in Kolkata and elsewhere, the expertise of the lighting technicians is on ample display. It has been like this for as long time. A few have spread their wings to Durga Pujas outside Bengal too.

Now the government has decided to give a structured boost to this industry by creating a special zone. The government would have a comprehensive role in the hub. From training lighting technicians and helping them market their products to enable them to bag contracts for different Pujas, everything would be overseen by the government.

This would naturally lead to more and better employment opportunities, including opportunities for the experts to spread their wings to other places in India, especially where Durga Pujas take place, and even abroad.

After Mishti Hub, Muslin Hub and similar clusters comes the Light Hub. These hubs have given a huge boost to traditional small-scale industries. They provide a steady source of income for the families involved and also help in preserving the crafts.

Source: Khabar 365 Din

Fisheries sector policies of the Bengal Govt benefiting fishermen

The State Government has created several policies for the development of the fisheries sector. The important ones are given below.

West Bengal Fisheries Investment Policy 2015:For attracting substantial investments in the fisheries sector, the Government has promulgated the West Bengal Fisheries Investment Policy 2015. From FY 2015-17 till now, 30 projects have been initiated at an investment (by both private and Government players) of Rs 339.35 crore. During the Bengal Global Business Summit 2018, 19 memorandums of understanding (MoU) worth Rs 760.3 crore were signed.

Amendment of method of settlement of Government waterbodies:The chapter dedicated to Government water bodies in the West Bengal Land & Land Reforms Manual was amended by the State Government with the intention of infusing better competitiveness and adoption of scientific methods of pisciculture and thereby increasing the production of fish. This step has boosted rural employment generation and optimum use of Government fisheries as a resource by giving priority in the tendering process to functional fishermen’s cooperative societies, fish production groups and self-help groups (SHG).

Training and extension:The number of fishermen who have received training has gone up from 6,170 in 2010-11 to 16,394 in 2017-18. Awareness camps in the form of Krishi Mela, Wetland Day, Fish Farmers’ Day, etc., are being regularly organised.


Developmental policies creating more and more employment opportunities in Bengal

The Trinamool Congress Government has always tried to give the people of the state a safe and secure life. One of the ingredients for this is sustainable income.

With development in various fields, most people in the state have some sort of sustainable income. The government is trying its best to bring the fruits of development to every corner of the state.

During financial year (FY) 2017-18, despite the cruel effects of demonetisation and GST, Bengal has been able to create employment opportunities for 8.92 lakh people; and most of the job creation has been the result of the positive policies of the State Government rather than due to any help from the Centre.

Also, according to State Government data, during the first six-and-a-half years of Trinamool Congress, 81 lakh jobs were created. The jobs include not only direct government jobs but also those created through the setting up of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME). In fact, as acknowledged by the Central Government itself, Bengal is the leading state in terms of generating income and employment through MSMEs.

According to official records, more than 27,700 MSMEs have been able to provide employment to 1.7 lakh people. Keeping on the subject of small scale industries, the state has provided training in handloom to 16,940 people, which included both weavers and their assistants. A result of these activities has been the creation of 60 lakh person-days.
Due to the Gatidhara Scheme, which provides loans to youths to buy vehicles for commercial use, be it taxis or mini trucks or anything else, another approximately 10,000 people have got employment.

Another important fact to remember is that, if there was no debt that the state had to repay the Centre (a result of the 34-year-rule of the Left Front) and the Central Government contributed more funds for the jointly-implementable schemes instead of reducing its shares, the State Government would have been able to spare more money for more number of jobs and for creating employment opportunities.

Another laudable move in this respect was the creation, on July 26, 2012, of an Employment Bank, and where job-seekers can notify their names online too. The exchange serves as a bridge between employment seekers and employment providers. More than 10 lakh people across the state have found employment in this way.
It is from this list that people have been selected, on need basis, for the Yuvashree Scheme, wherein sustenance stipend is paid to those not yet employed.

Now, the government has decided to recruit 13,000 people in the police force and related jobs, and it is actively pursuing its implementation. This decision was approved by the State Cabinet on March 23.


উন্নয়নেই কর্মসংস্থান বাড়ছে রাজ্যে

সারা বছর ধরেই বেকারদের কর্মসংস্থানের লক্ষ্যে নিয়োগ প্রক্রিয়া চালু রেখে চলেছে রাজ্য সরকার। এই কারণে বছরের বিভিন্ন সময় সরকারি চাকরির বিজ্ঞপ্তি জারি করা হচ্ছে। এই সমস্ত কর্মকাণ্ডের কাণ্ডারী মুখ্যমন্ত্রী মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়। তার নেতৃত্বে বছরভর উন্নয়নজজ্ঞের ফলেই এতো কর্মসংস্থান।

২০১৭-১৮ আর্থিক বছরে জিএসটি এবং নোটবাতিলের ধাক্কা সত্ত্বেও রাজ্যে ৮ লক্ষ ৯২ হাজার কর্মসংস্থান হয়েছিল। এবছর এই কর্মসংস্থান কয়েকগুন বাড়বে বলে আশা করা যায়। গত সাড়ে ছয় বছরে রাজ্য সরকার প্রায় ৮১ লক্ষ কর্মসংস্থানের ব্যবস্থা করেছে। শিক্ষাক্ষেত্রে প্রাথমিক ও মাধ্যমিক শিক্ষকদের চাকরি ছাড়াও বড় অংশ আছে চতুর্থ শ্রেণী। পুলিশ, বিচারবিভাগ, স্বরাষ্ট্র, ই-গভর্ন্যান্স, পঞ্চায়েত ও গ্রামোন্নয়নে ১৩ হাজার চাকরি নিয়োগের সিদ্ধান্ত হয়েছে।

বেসরকারি ক্ষেত্রেও লক্ষ লক্ষ কর্মসংস্থানের নজির গড়েছে রাজ্যে। পাশাপাশি চাকরি থেকে ক্ষুদ্র ব্যবসা, সব ক্ষেত্রেই কাজ পেয়েছেন মানুষ। কেন্দ্রের ঋণের বোঝা না থাকলে, কেন্দ্র বিভিন্ন প্রকল্পের টাকা বন্ধ না করলে, আরও বহুগুন কর্মসংস্থান করতে সক্ষম হত সরকার।

২০১২ সালের ২৬ জুলাই ‘এমপ্লয়মেন্ট ব্যাঙ্ক’-এর সৃষ্টি হয়েছে, যা চাকরিপ্রার্থী ও নিয়োগকর্তার মধ্যে অনলাইন ব্যবস্থায় সেতুর কাজ করছে। ১০ লক্ষেরও বেশী চাকরি প্রার্থী এই ব্যবস্থার মাধ্যমে কাজ পেয়েছে। এই এমপ্লয়মেন্ট ব্যাঙ্ক থেকেই বাছাই করা হয়েছে ‘যুবশ্রী’। এছাড়া ২৭৭০০টিরও বেশী ক্ষুদ্র ও মাঝারি শিল্প ইউনিট ১৭০০০০ লোক নিয়োগ করে উদ্যোগ আধার মেমোরেন্ডাম দাখিল করেছে।

অন্যদিকে, ১৬৯৪০জন তাঁত শিল্পী ও সহকারীকে দক্ষতা বৃদ্ধির প্রশিক্ষণ দেওয়া হয়েছে। এর ফলে ৬০ লক্ষ কর্মদিবস তৈরী হয়েছে। ১০০০০ জন যুবক যুবতী ‘গতিধারা’ প্রকল্পের আওতায় এসেছে।

Source: Sangbad Pratidin


Bengal Govt’s fresh initiative for the employment of urban youth

After its huge success in rural Bengal, the State Government is going to introduce the benefits of self-help groups (SHGs) in urban areas.

The Self-Help Group and Self-Employment Department, through urban cooperative banks and urban credit societies, has decided to form SHGs of seven youths each in urban areas and give them loans to start business ventures at low interest rates. A few thousand youths would benefit from this scheme.

Loans would be given at 9 per cent rate of interest. Not just that, after the entire loan is repaid to the bank, the person would be given back 7 per cent of the amount of interest paid. Hence, the effective rate of interest would be just 2 per cent.



বেকার যুবকদের ব্যবসার জন্যে লোন দেবে রাজ্য সরকার


এবার শহরের বেকার যুবকদের কর্মসংস্থানের ব্যবস্থা করতে আরও এক নতুন প্রকল্প হাতে নিল রাজ্য সরকার। শহর এলাকার সাতজন করে যুবককে নিয়ে স্বনির্ভর গোষ্ঠী তৈরী করে তাঁদের ব্যবসার জন্য খুব অল্প সুদে ঋণ দেবে সমবায় ব্যাঙ্ক ও আরবান ক্রেডিট সোসাইটি। এর জন্য প্রায় এক হাজার কোটি টাকা বরাদ্দ করা হয়েছে।

চলতি আর্থিক বছর থেকেই এই প্রকল্পের কাজ শুরু করবে বলে ইতিমধ্যে সরকারি আধিকারিকদের নির্দেশ দিয়েছেন মুখ্যমন্ত্রী মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়। নয়া এই প্রকল্পের ফলে রাজ্যে কয়েক হাজার বেকার উপকৃত হবে বলে মনে করা হচ্ছে।

রাজ্যের সমবায়মন্ত্রী বলেন, গোটা রাজ্যে আরবান সমবায় ব্যাঙ্ক ও আরবান ক্রেডিট সোসাইটি থেকে খুব অল্প সুদে ঋণ দেওয়া হবে। প্রথমে তাঁরা যখন ঋণ নেবেন, তখন তাঁদের ৯ শতাংশ হারে সুদ দিতে হবে। তাঁরা সম্পূর্ণ ঋণ ফেরত দেওয়ার পর তাঁদের ৭ শতাংশ সুদের টাকা ফেরত দিয়ে দেওয়া হবে। অর্থাৎ তাঁদের মাত্র ২ শতাংশ হারে সুদ দিতে হচ্ছে।

এতদিন শহরাঞ্চলে বেকার যুবকরা সেভাবে স্বনির্ভর গোষ্ঠী করতেন না। কিন্তু, এবার তাঁদের উৎসাহিত করে সমবায় ব্যাঙ্কের মাধ্যমে ঋণ দিয়ে ব্যবসার সুযোগ করে দেব। এতে প্রচুর বেকার যুবকের কর্মসংস্থানের ব্যবস্থা হবে।

Unemployment declining significantly in Bengal, says Central Govt data

There is some good news for Bengal. The Central Government has, in an answer to a question asked in the Lok Sabha, presented data that paints a promising picture on the rate of employment in the State.

According to the Employment and Unemployment (E&U) Surveys conducted by the Labour Bureau, the rate of unemployment in Bengal has been decreasing significantly over the last few years.

During financial year (FY) 2012-13, the rate of unemployment was 5.9 per cent (of the population). It dropped to 4.2 per cent during FY 13-14, and further reduced to 3.6 per cent during FY 15-16. The survey was conducted for persons aged 15 years and above.

This steady reduction in unemployment rate over three financial years can be seen in only seven States, according to the data, of which the most dramatic reduction has been in Bengal. In all the other States, there has either been a gradual increase or an increase after a decrease.

In Bengal, from FY 12-13 to FY 13-14, the reduction was by almost 29 per cent and from FY 13-14 to FY 15-16, it was by about 14 per cent. The percentage reduction over four FYs – 2012-13 to 2015-16 – was almost 39.


পশ্চিমবঙ্গে বেকারত্বের হার লক্ষ্যণীয়ভাবে কমেছে, লোকসভায় তথ্য দিলেন মন্ত্রী

গত তিন বছরে পশ্চিমবঙ্গে বেকারত্বের হার লক্ষ্যণীয়ভাবে কমেছে। লোকসভায় কেন্দ্রীয় শ্রমমন্ত্রীর পেশ করা তথ্যে প্রকাশ পেল এই তথ্যই।

সেই রিপোর্ট অনুসারে, ২০১২-১৩ সালে পশ্চিমবঙ্গে বেকারত্বের হার ছিল ৫.৯ শতাংশ। ২০১৩-১৪ সালে তা কমে দাঁড়ায় ৪.২ শতাংশে। এবং ২০১৫-১৬ আর্থিক বছরে রাজ্যে বেকারত্বের হার আরও কমে দাঁড়িয়েছে ৩.৬ শতাংশে।

অথচ লোকসভায় পেশ করা সংশ্লিষ্ট তথ্যেই স্পষ্ট, দেশের অন্যান্য রাজ্য এবং কেন্দ্রশাসিত অঞ্চলের অনেকগুলিতেই উল্লিখিত সময়ে বেকারত্বের হার ক্রমশ ঊর্ধ্বমুখী। যেমন বামশাসিত কেরলে ২০১৩-১৪ সালে যা ছিল ৯.৩ শতাংশ, তার পরের বছর ২০১৫-১৬ সালে বেকারত্বের সেই হার বৃদ্ধি পেয়ে হয়েছে ১০.৬ শতাংশ। উত্তরপ্রদেশে ২০১৩-১৪ সালের ৪ শতাংশ থেকে পরের বছর বেড়ে হয়েছে ৫.৮ শতাংশ।

দেশের প্রায় সব রাজ্যই যেখানে কর্মসংস্থানের সুযোগ তৈরী করতে না পারার অভিযোগে জেরবার হয়ে যাচ্ছে, সেখানে বেকারত্ব ইস্যুতে মুখ্যমন্ত্রী মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়ের নেতৃত্বাধীন পশ্চিমবঙ্গ সরকারের এই উলটপুরাণ যথেষ্ট তাৎপর্যপূর্ণ।

Source: Data from Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment, GoI, as presented in the Lok Sabha


Bengal Govt to create 1 lakh jobs annually for cyber security professionals

The Bengal Government plans to create around one lakh new jobs in the field of cyber security annually.
Based on the instructions of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, the Government will introduce a course on cyber security at the undergraduate level so that students get an edge in getting jobs, not only in the Information Technology (IT) sector but also in the police force.

Bengal would be the first State in the country which will ensure a supply pool of cyber security specialists for various Government departments to counter cyber threats, which are a major cause of concern for the Government and the public. With the rapid digitisation that has been going on, cyber security has become of utmost importance.

The State Information Technology (IT) and Electronics Department will assist the Higher Education Department in framing the syllabus. The IT Department, according to its additional chief secretary, is working closely with the Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) in Kalyani, whose experts will decide the course content.

According to the initial plans, the course will commence at IIIT and in all the colleges under Calcutta University. Students would be provided with basic knowledge on networking and operating systems.

The IT Department is also working in coordination with the police, academics and industry, to see that unscrupulous persons with vested interests cannot tamper Government documents.

The Government has already set up the West Bengal Cyber Security Centre of Excellence (WBCS-CoE) in New Town to deal with the increasing number of cyber offences in the State. A workshop was also held on cyber security at the Biswa Bangla Convention Centre in New Town on March 16.


সাইবার নিরাপত্তা: বছরে ১ লক্ষ কর্মসংস্থান করবে রাজ্য

বাংলায় সাইবার নিরাপত্তার ক্ষেত্রে এক নতুন অধ্যায়ের সূচনা হবে, যার ফলে বার্ষিক এক লক্ষ কর্মসংস্থান হবে।

মুখ্যমন্ত্রী মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়ের নির্দেশ মেনে, রাজ্য সরকার খুব শীঘ্রই স্নাতক স্তরে সাইবার নিরাপত্তার ওপর একটি পাঠ্যক্রম চালু করতে চলেছে। এর ফলে এই বিষয়ে স্নাতকরা তথ্যপ্রযুক্তি ক্ষেত্র ছাড়াও পুলিশেৱ চাকরিও পেতে পারেন।

এই পাঠ্যসূচী তৈরী করতে রাজ্য তথ্য প্রযুক্তি ও ইলেক্ট্রনিকস দপ্তর উচ্চ শিক্ষা দপ্তরকে সাহায্য করবে। কল্যাণীর আইআইআইটির বিশেষজ্ঞদের সাহায্যও নেওয়া হচ্ছে এই পাঠ্যসুচী তৈরী করতে।

প্রাথমিক পরিকল্পনা অনুসারে, এই পাঠ্যক্রম আইআইআইটি ও কলকাতা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের সমস্ত কলেজে শুরু হবে। পড়ুয়াদের নেটওয়ার্কিং এবং অপারেটিং সিস্টেমের সম্বন্ধে প্রশিক্ষণ দেওয়া হবে।

এই উদ্যোগের ফলে আগামী দিনে সাইবার নিরাপত্তার ক্ষেত্রে বাংলা দেশে অগ্রণী ভূমিকা নেবে এবং বিভিন্ন সরকারি দপ্তরের সাইবার নিরাপত্তা নিশ্চিত করতে পেশাদারদের যোগানও দিতে পারবে। সাইবার হানা এই মুহূর্তে দেশের অন্যতম চিন্তার বিষয় হয়ে দাঁড়িয়েছে। রাজ্য সরকার ইতিমধ্যেই সাইবার হানা রুখতে নিউটাউনে ‘ওয়েস্ট বেঙ্গল সাইবার সিকিউরিটি সেন্টার অফ এক্সসেলেন্স’তৈরী করেছে। নিউ টাউনের বিশ্ব বাংলা কনভেনশন সেন্টারে ১৬ই মার্চ এই বিষয়ে এক কর্মশালাও আয়োজিত হয়েছে।

Source: Millennium Post