Ahamed Hassan asks a Supplementary Question on the unemployment rate in the country


Sir, through you, I want to know from the minister the unemployment rate in the country last year, and the details thereof. 

Secondly, I want to know from the minister the number of jobs lost, and the details thereof.

Thank you.

Mala Roy speaks on the unemployment crisis in the country


Sir, the rate of unemployment doubled in the last two years according to ‘The State of India’s Employment in figures, 2019’. This has particularly affected young graduates. While employment demand is high in both urban and rural India, job hunting is a bigger challenge for the young and the educated. 

According to the report, the unemployment rate has gone up from 4% to 7.6% in the last two years. The World Bank said that India needs to create 81 lakh jobs per year to solve this problem of unemployment. However standing in 2019, the young Indians can definitely achieve the honour of the country. The youth of the country want an account of the budget allocated. The people of India deserve an answer.


Unemployment declining significantly in Bengal, says Central Govt data

There is some good news for Bengal. The Central Government has, in an answer to a question asked in the Lok Sabha, presented data that paints a promising picture on the rate of employment in the State.

According to the Employment and Unemployment (E&U) Surveys conducted by the Labour Bureau, the rate of unemployment in Bengal has been decreasing significantly over the last few years.

During financial year (FY) 2012-13, the rate of unemployment was 5.9 per cent (of the population). It dropped to 4.2 per cent during FY 13-14, and further reduced to 3.6 per cent during FY 15-16. The survey was conducted for persons aged 15 years and above.

This steady reduction in unemployment rate over three financial years can be seen in only seven States, according to the data, of which the most dramatic reduction has been in Bengal. In all the other States, there has either been a gradual increase or an increase after a decrease.

In Bengal, from FY 12-13 to FY 13-14, the reduction was by almost 29 per cent and from FY 13-14 to FY 15-16, it was by about 14 per cent. The percentage reduction over four FYs – 2012-13 to 2015-16 – was almost 39.


পশ্চিমবঙ্গে বেকারত্বের হার লক্ষ্যণীয়ভাবে কমেছে, লোকসভায় তথ্য দিলেন মন্ত্রী

গত তিন বছরে পশ্চিমবঙ্গে বেকারত্বের হার লক্ষ্যণীয়ভাবে কমেছে। লোকসভায় কেন্দ্রীয় শ্রমমন্ত্রীর পেশ করা তথ্যে প্রকাশ পেল এই তথ্যই।

সেই রিপোর্ট অনুসারে, ২০১২-১৩ সালে পশ্চিমবঙ্গে বেকারত্বের হার ছিল ৫.৯ শতাংশ। ২০১৩-১৪ সালে তা কমে দাঁড়ায় ৪.২ শতাংশে। এবং ২০১৫-১৬ আর্থিক বছরে রাজ্যে বেকারত্বের হার আরও কমে দাঁড়িয়েছে ৩.৬ শতাংশে।

অথচ লোকসভায় পেশ করা সংশ্লিষ্ট তথ্যেই স্পষ্ট, দেশের অন্যান্য রাজ্য এবং কেন্দ্রশাসিত অঞ্চলের অনেকগুলিতেই উল্লিখিত সময়ে বেকারত্বের হার ক্রমশ ঊর্ধ্বমুখী। যেমন বামশাসিত কেরলে ২০১৩-১৪ সালে যা ছিল ৯.৩ শতাংশ, তার পরের বছর ২০১৫-১৬ সালে বেকারত্বের সেই হার বৃদ্ধি পেয়ে হয়েছে ১০.৬ শতাংশ। উত্তরপ্রদেশে ২০১৩-১৪ সালের ৪ শতাংশ থেকে পরের বছর বেড়ে হয়েছে ৫.৮ শতাংশ।

দেশের প্রায় সব রাজ্যই যেখানে কর্মসংস্থানের সুযোগ তৈরী করতে না পারার অভিযোগে জেরবার হয়ে যাচ্ছে, সেখানে বেকারত্ব ইস্যুতে মুখ্যমন্ত্রী মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়ের নেতৃত্বাধীন পশ্চিমবঙ্গ সরকারের এই উলটপুরাণ যথেষ্ট তাৎপর্যপূর্ণ।

Source: Data from Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment, GoI, as presented in the Lok Sabha


Bengal improves on unemployment rate under Trinamool

The Labour Bureau of India, published the fourth Annual Employment- Unemployment Survey Report. This report shows an improvement of West Bengal’s condition of Employment.

Here is what the survey report says about West Bengal:

  • The Unemployment Rate (UR)* in WB is 52. But it has come down sharply over the years. In 2012-13 it was 74 and in 2011-12 it was 78 and in 2009-10 it was 113. The UR is the lowest in all the years of survey and has decreased constantly.
  • The Proportion Unemployment (PU)** of WB stands at 26, and the national average is also at 26. The PU has also decreased over the years which are reflected in the survey of the previous years. In 2012-13 the rate was 38 and in 2011-12 it was 40. The PU is at an all time low for the State in all the survey’s conducted by the Labour Bureau.
  • In terms of lowest Unemployment Rate, WB stands at number 12. The rank was 25 in 2012-13 and 28 in 2011-12. This reflects the steady improvement of the situation.


Despite propaganda and criticism by a section of the media and the Opposition parties, West Bengal continues to surge ahead under the leadership of Mamata Banerjee. The figures speak for themselves.


* Unemployment Rate (UR): It is defined as the number of persons unemployed per 1000 persons in the labour force. (Number of Unemployed person/ Total labour force) *1000

** Proportion Unemployed (PU): It is defined as the number of persons unemployed per 1000 persons.


Source: Labour Bureau, Government of India.  Annual Employment- Unemployment Survey Report (2009-10, 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14)

Representative image courtesy Livemint